Purpose: Think-Pair-Share (TPS) is a cooperative structure in which partners privately think about a question (or issue, situation, idea, etc.), then discuss their responses with one another. As a relatively simple structure that can be implemented quickly, Think-Pair-Share can be incorporated into almost any form of instruction. It is particularly useful for actively involving all students during lectures.
- Instructor poses a question, statement, issue or prompt to the class.
- Instructor provides an amount of time for individual thinking (students can mentally rehearse or jot down ideas).
- Instructor asks students to pair up and share responses. Students may clarify and elaborate.
- Instructor can randomly choose a number of pairs to share their responses with the class.
Centre for Teaching Support & Innovation. (n.d.). #5: Think-Pair-Share. University of Toronto
The K. Patricia Cross Academy. (n.d.). Think-Pair-Share [Video]. YouTube.